Conference Chair Dr. Amir Ziv-Av, owner of his own eponymous engineering firm, spoke about manufacturing. He argued that contrary to popular belief, that ’it’s cheaper to manufacture things in China’, “moving production lines to China does not always turn out to be cost efficient. In fact, it often creates overhauls. Entrepreneurs have come to realize it is cheaper to position manufacturing geographically close to the developers. Sometimes, Karmiel [a town in the north of Israel] is cheaper than China.” According to Dr. Ziv-Av, Israeli industry’s competitive edge can be improved through bolstering the local engineering education. Their image should also be improved. “We have far too many lawyers and too few engineers,” he concluded.